Skip to main content

en EspaƱol

Ask the Expert

Webinars

FASD in Review

Resources

References

  1. Single, E.; Collins, D.; et al. 2001. International Guidelines for Estimating the Costs of Substance Abuse-Second Edition. Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse.
  2. Abel, E.L., and Sokol, R.J. 1991. A revised conservative estimate of the incidence of FAS and its economic impact. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 15:514-524.
  3. Abel, E.L., and Sokol, R.J. 1987. Incidence of fetal alcohol syndrome and economic impact of FAS-related anomalies. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 19:1024-1031.
  4. Abel, E.L., and Sokol, R.J. 1991. A revised estimate of the economic impact of fetal alcohol syndrome. In Galanter, M. (ed.). Recent Developments in Alcoholism: Volume 9, Children of Alcoholics. New York: Plenum Press, pp 117-125.
  5. Rice, D.P.; Kelman, S.; Miller, L.S.; et al. 1990. The Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse and Mental Illness: 1985. DHHS Publication No. (ADM) 90-1694. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
  6. Rice, D.P. 1993. The economic costs of alcohol abuse and dependence: 1990. Alcohol Health & Research World 17(1):10-11.
  7. Harwood, H.; Fountain, D.; and Livermore, G. 1998. The Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the United States, 1992. Washington, DC: National Institute on Drug Abuse and National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
  8. Harwood, H. 2000. Updating Estimates of the Economic Costs of Alcohol Abuse in the United States: Estimates, Update Methods and Data. Report prepared by The Lewin Group. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
  9. Harwood, H.J., and Napolitano, D.M. 1985. Economic implications of the fetal alcohol syndrome. Alcohol Health & Research World 10(1):38-43; 74-75.
  10. Weeks, M. February 17, 1989. Economic Impact of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome; IR # 89-100015, Memorandum to Senator Johne Binkeley. Juneau: Senate Advisory Council, Alaska State Legislature.
  11. Astley, S. 2002. Seventh Annual Report, Summary of Progress from July 1, 1995 Through June 30, 2002. Seattle, Washington State FAS Diagnostic and Prevention Network, University of Washington.
  12. Advisory Board on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services. 2001. Economic Costs of Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse in Alaska, Phase Two. Juneau: McDowell Group.
  13. Bloss, G. 1994. The economic cost of FAS. Alcohol Health & Research World 18(1):53-54.
  14. Gold, M.R.; Siegel, J.E.; Russell, L.B.; et al. (eds.). 1996. Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. New York: Oxford University Press.
  15. Stanage, W.F.; Gregg, J.B.; Massa, L.J. 1983. Fetal alcohol syndrome-intrauterine child abuse. South Dakota Journal of Medicine 36(10):35.
  16. Governor Arne H. Carlson's Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. 1998. Suffer the Children: The Preventable Tragedy of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome PDF icon Exit Disclaimer Graphic. St. Paul: State of Minnesota.
  17. Alcohol Use in Minnesota: Extent and Cost. Minneapolis: Minnesota Department of Health, 1995.
  18. May, P.A., and Gossage, J.P. 2001. Estimating the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome: A summary. Alcohol Research & Health, 25(3):159-167.
  19. Sokol, R.J.; Miller, S.I.; and Reed, G. 1980. Alcohol abuse during pregnancy: An epidemiologic study. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 4(2):135-145.
  20. Streissguth, A.P.; Barr, H.M.; Kogan, J.; et al. 1996. Understanding the Occurrence of Secondary Disabilities in Clients With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE). Final Report to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tech. Rep. No. 96-06. Seattle: University of Washington, Fetal Alcohol and Drug Unit.
  21. Extrapolated from 1995 figure in a letter from Kathleen M. Hawk, Director, U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Prisons, to the Honorable Myron H. Bright, based on a yearly inflation rate of 4 percent.
  22. Keaton, C. 2001. Fiscal Affairs and Government Operations Committee Report on Adult Corrections Systems. Atlanta: Southern Legislative Conference, Council of State Governments.
Back