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Module 6: Diagnosis and Treatment of FASD

Services for Persons With an FASD

Services for persons with an FASD may include special education, housing, vocational rehabilitation, and services available through the Indian Health Service. In addition, some income support may be available through entitlement programs such as Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Medicaid. To be eligible, a child must meet both income and disability criteria. Some of the parents' income and assets may be counted as the child's. This may occur if the child is under age 18, is unmarried, and lives at home.

Most children who meet SSI eligibility criteria are also eligible for Medicaid. Developmental disabilities services may be available, depending on how the State defines developmental disability. The Federal definition is often broader than State definitions.

Person using parallel bars

Services that may be needed 3 include:

  • Occupational therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Housing support
  • Vocational rehabilitation
  • Mental health or substance abuse treatment
  • Case management

It is important to tailor services to the special issues presented by prenatal alcohol exposure. For example, persons with an FASD may be at risk for alcohol and drug problems. Treatment may fail because they have difficulty processing information and transferring knowledge into practice if the treatment methodology does not accommodate those differences.

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