FASD The Course > Module 5: FASD Prevention > 5. Prevention Model
Module 5: FASD Prevention
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has developed a three-pronged approach to prevention:
- Universal prevention promotes the health and well-being of all
individuals in society or a particular community. Universal prevention targets the
general public or an entire population group. Examples are public service announcements
and informational brochures.
- Selective prevention targets individuals or a population group
at higher risk of developing a particular condition. An example would be screening
women of childbearing age for alcohol problems.
- Indicated prevention targets high-risk individuals who have detectable
signs or symptoms of a condition or biologic markers indicating predisposition.
An example would be substance abuse
treatment for mothers of children with an FASD.1 Another example of indicated prevention
is intervening with individuals with an FASD to prevent secondary disabilities.