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Module 5: FASD Prevention

Prevention Model

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has developed a three-pronged approach to prevention: African American woman holding a smiling and laughing baby up in the air

  • Universal prevention promotes the health and well-being of all individuals in society or a particular community. Universal prevention targets the general public or an entire population group. Examples are public service announcements and informational brochures.
  • Selective prevention targets individuals or a population group at higher risk of developing a particular condition. An example would be screening women of childbearing age for alcohol problems.
  • Indicated prevention targets high-risk individuals who have detectable signs or symptoms of a condition or biologic markers indicating predisposition. An example would be substance abuse treatment for mothers of children with an FASD.1 Another example of indicated prevention is intervening with individuals with an FASD to prevent secondary disabilities.

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