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Module 2: Effects of Alcohol on the Fetus

References    References

  1. Stratton, K.; Howe, C.; and Battaglia, F., eds. 1996. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
  2. Anderson, P.O. 1991. Drug use during breastfeeding. Clinical Pharmacy 10:594-624.
  3. Jacobson, J.L., and Jacobson, S.W. 1994. Prenatal alcohol exposure and neurobehavioral development: Where is the threshold? Alcohol Health & Research World 18:30-36.
  4. Jacobson, J.L., and Jacobson, S.W. 1999. Drinking moderately and pregnancy; effects on child development. Alcohol Research & Health 23(1):25-30. PDF Icon
  5. Mattson, S.N.; Jernigan, T.L.; Riley, E.P. 1994. MRI and prenatal alcohol exposure. Alcohol Health & Research World 18(1):49-52.
  6. Mattson, S.N., and Riley, E.P. 1995. Prenatal exposure to alcohol: What the images reveal. Alcohol Health & Research World 19(4):273-277.
  7. Mattson, S.N.; Schoenfeld, A.M.; Riley, E.P. 2001. Teratogenic effects of alcohol on brain and behavior. Alcohol Research & Health 25(3):185-191.
  8. Kopera-Frye, K; Dehane, S.; Streissguth, A.P. Dec 1996. Impairments of number processing induced by prenatal alcohol exposure. Neuropsychologia 34(12): 1187-96.
  9. Wass, T.S.; Persutte, W.H.; Hobbins, J.C. 2001. The impact of prenatal alcohol exposure on frontal cortex development in utero. Am J Obstet Gynecol Sep; 185(3):737-42.
  10. Pierog, S.; Chandavasu, O; Wexler, I. 1977. Withdrawal symptoms in infants with the fetal alcohol syndrome. Journal of Pediatrics 90(4):630-633.
  11. Giunta, C., and Streissguth, A. 1988. Patients with fetal alcohol syndrome and their caretakers. Social Casework 69(7):453-459.
  12. Prenatal exposure to alcohol  2000. Alcohol Research & Health 24(1):32-41. PDF Icon
  13. Shen, R.; Hannigan, J.H.; Kapatos, G. 1999. Prenatal ethanol reduces the activity of adult midbrain dopamine neurons. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 23:1801-1807.
  14. Burd, L., and Martsolf, J.T. 1989. Fetal alcohol syndrome: Diagnosis and syndromal variability. Physiology & Behavior 46(1):39-43.
  15. Iosub, S.; Fuchs, M.; Bingol, N.; et al. 1981. Fetal alcohol syndrome revisited. Pediatrics 68(4):475-479.
  16. Stromland, K. 1987. Ocular involvement in the fetal alcohol syndrome. Survey of Ophthalmology 31(4):277-284.
  17. Church, M.W., and Gerkin, K.P. 1988. Hearing disorders in children with fetal alcohol syndrome: Findings from case reports. Pediatrics 82(2):147-154.
  18. American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Substance Abuse and Committee on Children With Disabilities. 2000. Fetal alcohol syndrome and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders (RE9948) Exit Disclaimer Graphic.
  19. Institute of Medicine. 1996. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
  20. Coles, C.D.; Kable, J.A.; Drews-Botsch, C.; Falek, A. 2000. Early identification of risk for effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 61(4):607-616.

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