FASD The Course > Module 2: Effects of Alcohol on the Fetus > 14. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Page 2
Module 2: Effects of Alcohol on the Fetus
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Some features seen in FAS, such as epicanthal folds, short jaw, and short nose, occur naturally in certain
ethnic groups. Therefore, without knowing a person's background, it should not be assumed that a child has
FAS based on these characteristics. Features specific to FAS, such as a flat philtrum,
need to be seen.
To view an FAS facial anomalies demo, visit www.fhs.mcmaster.ca/pblonline/fas.htm
According to the Institute of Medicine, partial FAS is sometimes used to describe individuals who have
some of the facial features associated with FAS in addition to confirmed maternal alcohol exposure and
evidence of one of the following: growth retardation, brain damage, or behavioral or cognitive abnormalities.
When facial features of FAS are present, it is possible to diagnose FAS without confirming maternal alcohol
Video: Ann Streissguth, PhD, discusses the varying effects of alcohol on the fetus.